What is Evidence-Based Medicine and why is it important?

Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is an approach to medical practice intended to optimize decision-making by emphasizing the use of evidence from well designed and conducted research.

  • EBM entails the conscientious, explicit, and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients.

  • EBM advocates that to the greatest extent possible, decisions should be based on evidence, not just the beliefs of practitioners, experts, or administrators.

  • EBM tries to assure that a clinician's opinion, which may be limited by knowledge gaps or biases, is supplemented with all available knowledge from the scientific literature so that best practice can be determined and applied.